Youth

Preventing and ending youth homelessness by 2020 is a key goal of Opening Doors.

Youth experience homelessness for a variety of reasons. Home may not be safe:  some youth leave home as a result of family conflict, which might include physical and/or sexual abuse. Home may not be supportive: a disproportionate number of youth identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ) and may experience homelessness as a result of family rejection. Home may not exist: youth aging out of foster care are at high risk for becoming homeless during the transition to adulthood.

Efforts to end youth homelessness are hampered by a shortage of data and evidence about need and what interventions are most effective. Currently, the nation lacks reliable estimates of the number of unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness. The Federal response to this problem recognizes that additional capacity is needed, and to improve capacity, we must improve our understanding of the problem and the most effective solutions.

USICH Framework to End Youth Homelessness

In 2012, the Council adopted the Framework to End Youth Homelessness to call agencies and systems at all levels and the private sector to accelerate progress on the goal of ending youth homelessness by 2020. The framework describes how to approach the problem of youth homelessness in a more coordinated and effective way across different disciplines that work with this population. To achieve the outcomes of stable housing, permanent connections, education and employment, and well-being, the framework focuses on two simultaneous strategies: improving data on youth homelessness and building capacity for service delivery.

Improving data will provide a clearer understanding of the prevalence, characteristics, and needs of unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness.

Building capacity for service delivery includes increasing our knowledge of effective interventions, scaling up the interventions shown to be most effective, and a preliminary intervention model that communities can use to develop a systems approach to ending youth homelessness based on current evidence about what works.

Click here to find out more about the Framework.

Communities Engaged in Youth Homelessness

In communities across the country, organizations, schools, researchers, philanthropic partners and young people are leading innovative and inspiring efforts to address youth homelessness. A growing number of communities are using the Federal framework and its preliminary intervention model to develop systemic and client-level responses to end youth homelessness.

Click here to read articles, newsletters, blogs and webinars about recent community experience in implementing the Youth Framework to develop better data and to improve capacity.

Additional Resources

Obama Administration Renews Critical Support for nearly 7,100 Local Homelessness Programs across U.S.

HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan today announced nearly $1.6 billion in grants to renew support for 7,100...

The Affordable Care Act’s Role in Preventing and Ending Homelessness

What is the Affordable Care Act?  On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed the Affordable Care...

Opening Doors: Homelessness Among Youth

While the exact number of youth experiencing homelessness is difficult to determine given varying definitions...

Sexual Abuse Among Homeless Adolescents: Prevalence, Correlates, and Sequelae

Jody M. Greene November 2002 Over the past two decades, there has been increasing recognition that...

An Empirical Portrait of the Youth Reentry Population

Howard N. Snyder 2004 Nearly 100,000 juvenile offenders are released annually from custody facilities following adjudication or...

A Family Intervention to Reduce Sexual Risk Behavior, Substance Use, and Delinquency Among Newly Homeless Youth

Norweeta G. Milburn, Ph.D., et al. April 2012 We evaluate the efficacy of a short...

Effective Interventions for Homeless Youth

Astrid M. Altena, Sonja N. Brilleslijper-Kater and Judith R.L.M. Wolf June 2010 To date,...

Effective Teaching and At Risk/Highly Mobile Students: What Do Award Winning Teachers Do?

Leslie Grant, James H. Stronge, and Patricia Popp May 2008 This study was designed jointly between...

A Look at Child Welfare From a Homeless Education Perspective

Jan Moore Fall 2007 More and more frequently, local homeless education liaisons are asked to determine...

The Unique Impact of Out-of-Home Placement and the Mediating Effects of Child Maltreatment and Homelessness on Early School Success

John Fantuzzo and Staci Perlman July 2007 Increased national attention has underscored the importance of promoting...

Collaborations of Schools and Social Service Agencies

Jan Moore December 2005 In the past two decades, there has been a dramatic rise in...

An Empirical Portrait of the Youth Reentry Population

Howard N. Snyder January 2004 Nearly 100,000 juvenile offenders are released annually from custody facilities following adjudication...

Sexual Abuse Among Homeless Adolescents: Prevalence, Correlates, and Sequelae

Jody M. Greene, Rebecca Sanchez, Jennifer Manlove, Elizabeth Terry-Humen, Sharon Vandivere, Richard Wertheimer, Stephanie Williams,...

Sexual Abuse Among Homeless Adolescents: Prevalence, Correlates, and Sequelae

Jody M. Greene 2002 Over the past two decades, there has been increasing recognition that runaway...

High Burden of Homelessness Among Sexual-Minority Adolescents: Findings From a Representative Massachusetts High School Sample

Heather Corliss, Carol Goodenow, Lauren Nichols, and S. Bryn Austin July 2011 In this study, researchers...

Characteristics of Help-Seeking Street Youth and Non-Street Youth

Alma C. Molino May 6, 2010 Alma Molino, a graduate student in Clinical Psychology at Rosalind Franklin...

Homeless Near a Thousand Homes: Outcomes of Homeless Youth in a Shelter

Carol Cornsweet Barber, Peter Fonagy, Jim Fultz, Mary Ann Simulinas and Miranda Yates March 24, 2010 Clients...

Predictors of Homelessness Among Street Living Youth

Natasha Slesnick, Suzanne Bartle-Haring, Pushpanjali Dashora, Min Ju Kang and Erin Aukward April 2008 While few...

A Longitudinal Study of Early Adolescent Precursors to Running Away

Kimberly A. Tyler and Bianca E. Bersani February 2008 Although previous research has examined correlates of...

Promising Strategies to End Youth Homelessness

Family and Youth Services Bureau of the Administration for Children and Families 2007 When the Runaway...

Unaccompanied and Homeless Youth Review of Literature (1995-2005)

Jan Moore July 2005 This project is based on a review of 1995 to 2005 literature on issues...

Incidence and Prevalence of Homeless and Runaway Youth

Jody M. Greene, Rebecca Sanchez, Jennie Harris, Connie Cignetti, Don Akin, and Sara Wheeless May 2003 ...

Incidence and Prevalence of Homeless and Runaway Youth

Jody M. Greene 2003 Homeless, runaway, and throwaway youth (HRTY) constitute a high-risk population that urgently...

NISMART Bulletin: Runaway/Thrownaway Children: National Estimates and Characteristics

Heather Hammer 2002 The words “missing child” call to mind tragic and frightening kidnappings...

NISMART Bulletin: Runaway/Thrownaway Children: National Estimates and Characteristics

Heather Hammer, David Finkelhor, and Andrea J. Sedlak August 2000 The words “missing child”...

Basic Center Program

The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) serves runaway and homeless youth by funding the...

Chafee Foster Care Independence Programs

Administered by the Children’s Bureau in the Administration for Children and Families, the...

Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program

When families become homeless, the experience is traumatizing, especially for children. Research compiled by the...

Job Corps

The Job Corps Program is designed as a holistic career development program for low-income young...

National Runaway Switchboard

The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) serves runaway and homeless youth by funding the...

Maternity Group Home Program

The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) serves runaway and homeless youth by funding the...

Street Outreach Program

The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) serves runaway and homeless youth by funding the...

Transitional Living Program (TLP)

The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) serves runaway and homeless youth by funding the...

YouthBuild

The YouthBuild program provides funds to non-profit organizations to provide an alternative education pathway and...

Coordinated Assessment: Putting the Key Pieces in Place

Remarks by Eric Grumdahl at a gathering of community stakeholders focused on ending Veteran and...

Opening Doors Together: Strategies for Integrating Education and Housing Services

  USICH and the Departments of Education (ED) and Housing and Urban Development (HUD) discuss...

Youth Count!

Developing Strategies for Counting Unaccompanied Homeless Youth The U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH)...

USICH Framework to End Youth Homelessness

The 2012 Amendment to Opening Doors was developed to specifically address what strategies should be implemented...

Three Experts React, Discuss Youth Framework in Briefs

As part of the June 2012 Council meeting on youth homelessness, USICH sought input from leaders...

Youth

Preventing and ending youth homelessness by 2020 is a key goal of Opening Doors. Youth...