Chafee Foster Care Independence Programs

Administered by the Children’s Bureau in the Administration for Children and Families, the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program supports States and eligible Indian Tribes in establishing and carrying out programs designed to assist foster youth likely to remain in foster care until 18 years of age, youth who leave foster care for adoption or kinship guardianship after attaining age 16, and youth who have left foster care because they attained 18 years of age and have not yet attained 21 years of age to make the transition from foster care to self-sufficiency.  Grants may be used to assist youth: to make the transition to self-sufficiency; to receive education, training and related services; to prepare for and obtain employment; to prepare for and enter postsecondary training and educational institutions; to provide personal and emotional support to youth through mentors and the promotion of interactions with dedicated adults; and to provide financial, housing, counseling, employment, education, other appropriate support and services to current and former foster care recipients up to the age of 21.

View the program website

The Children’s Bureau provides technical assistance in support of the program to States, Territories and Tribes through the National Resource Center for Youth Development.  

Eligible Applicants:

State governments, including the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, and eligible Indian Tribes.

Eligible Beneficiaries:

Children and youth who are likely to remain in foster care until age 18, youth who left foster care for adoption or kinship guardianship after attaining age 16, and former foster care recipients up to age 21.

Funding Mechanism:

The Children’s Bureau awards formula grants to States, Territories and eligible Tribes. The funding formula is tied to the number of children in foster care in the applicant jurisdiction.